Tingkat perzinahan di berbagai negara

Berikut ini studi sederhana mengenai bayi yang lahir luar nikah dan perzinahan (adultery) di berbagai negara.

Sumber data

Angka bayi luar nikah negara OECD:

Antartica

  • Rupanya ada juga studi tentang perilaku seksual di Antartika. Berikut ini petikan dari artikel tersebut yang relevan dengan tajuk blog ini:
    Sexuality Factors In Extreme Environments

    In a report prepared by George Washington University and Analytic Services Inc. (GWU/ANSER 1994a) on potentially difficult and sensitive events, including pregnancy, that might occur in space prepared for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the GWU/ANSER (1994b) team reviewed the Australian and U.S. Antarctic analog environments, and found the following related information. Both countries' stations have reported that pregnancies have occurred during expeditions. The policy they followed was that the woman be evacuated at the earliest possible time. "It is interesting to note," according to these authors, "that the father is not also sent home. The implication of this policy is not that sexual relations resulting in pregnancy are condemned but that the pregnant woman represents a medical liability unsuited for an extreme, isolated environment" (p. 30). They noted that an incubator was available at the Australian station in case the baby was born before evacuation was possible, and that abortions will not be performed there because of legal liability concerns, even though abortion is legal in Australia. However, they noted, pregnancies do not often occur in Antarctica, "[p]erhaps because birth control is readily available at all of the stations studied" (p. 30). The possibility that heterosexual relationships did not occur was discounted with the statement: "As one [Australian] female crew member reported, 'Just about every woman ends up in a relationship'" (p. 40).

    CNN.com (2001) reported that New Zealand's Scott Base, located on the Ross Ice Shelf, installed their first two condom machines in anticipation of the influx of visitors in August 2001 in preparation for the warmer spring season in October. The supplier was quoted as saying, "It's pretty much a little village down there where everyone knows everyone, so if they can walk into a loo and buy a condom, it's a lot easier than going to the local shop and buying them, when everyone knows what's going on." It was expected to serve about 400 people, as well as about 1,200 Americans at their nearby McMurdo Base.


    Dari artikel tersebut sulit ditarik kesimpulan apakah ada seks luar nikah di Antartika, dan berapa jumlahnya. Kemungkinan besar perilaku orang di sana mengikuti perilaku mereka di negara asalnya
  • Sempat juga ada pembagian kondom gratis di Antartika: How often do people in Antarctica Have Sex

Australia

Cambodia

Canada

  • Most of the research on premarital or non-marital sexual activity of single Canadian adults has been done on university students. The Canada Youth and AIDS Study reported that about 77 percent of men and 73 percent of women in college/university had experienced intercourse, 68 percent of males and 64 percent of females had engaged in oral sex, and 14 percent of males and 16 percent of females had at least one experience of anal sex. Among those who had had intercourse, 23 percent of the females and 15 percent of the males said they had only ever had one partner (two partners, 9 percent for males, 15 percent for females; three to five partners, 28 percent for males, 35 percent for females; six to ten partners, 22 percent for males, 17 percent for females; and eleven or more partners, 27 percent for males, 11 percent for females) (King et al. 1988). About 7 to 8 percent of both sexes reported having had a sexually transmitted disease (King et al. 1988). These findings are for first-year university students and probably underestimate the average experience of students in all years.

    In the most recent review of sexual behavior of college students in Quebec (1 to 2 years younger on average than university students), Samson et al. (1996) reported that 76 percent had ever had intercourse. Within this group, 9 to 14 percent reported experience of anal sex, 8 percent same-sex contacts, and 27 to 42 percent had 4 or more partners. For university students (Otis 1996), 86 to 90 percent had sexual intercourse, 18 percent had anal sexual contact, and 35 percent had 5 or more partners. In a study of anglophone and francophone university students (N = 1,450 men and women from four universities in Montreal), Lévy et al. (1993) found that 88 percent of French-speaking versus 81.5 percent of English-speaking men had had intercourse at least once; the values for females were 88 percent versus 74.5 percent. While the sexes did not differ within language groups, French-speaking women were significantly more likely to have had intercourse than English-speaking women. This was also true for oral sex experience (86 percent vs. 79.2 percent in French-speaking vs. English-speaking men; 85.4 percent vs. 73.1 percent in French-speaking vs. English-speaking women). Sumber: http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/canada.html

China

Estonia

Finland

France

Indonesia

Israel

Germany

Iceland

Italy

Japan

  • "A survey by the Tokyo-based Japanese Association for Sex Education in 2006 found that 62 percent of female university students had had sex, up 10 percent from six years earlier, and around the same level as men. In the first survey by the group in 1974, 23 percent of male and 11 percent of female university students said they had sex.
    A study in 2002, found that 46 percent of female high school seniors had had sex, compared to 10 percent in 1984, and 37 percent of male high school seniors had had sex, compared to 20 percent in 1984. Another study found that 40 percent of high school students that have sex use condoms when they do and they change sexual partners frequently. " [Referensi]
  • 62% of J-uni girls not virgins
  • Percentage of men who paid for sex at least once : 37%. Artinya dari kalangan lelaki sekian ini sudah pernah berzina.
  • Grafik tingkat hubungan seks pelajar sekolah di Jepang

Malaysia

Netherlands

Norway (Norwegia)

Singapore

  • ALMOST half the singles here admitted in a recent survey to having had sex, 50% with multiple partners - a sign that Singapore is no longer the puritan society it once was Another revelation: Six in 10 Singaporean men had multiple partners, compared to four in 10 women. About a quarter of both sexes said they had cohabited. Sumber:. http://www.littlespeck.com/content/people/CTrendsPeople-031201.htm

United Kingdom

United States of America

Russia

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Thailand

Tabel Rangkuman

Negara Bayi Luar Nikah (%) Perzinahan (%) Status Pelacuran
Afghanistan      
Akrotiri      
Albania     illegal
Algeria      
American Samoa      
Andorra     illegal
Angola      
Anguilla      
Antarctica - tidak jelas tidak ada
Antigua and Barbuda      
Argentina      
Armenia     legal
Aruba      
Ashmore and Cartier Islands      
Australia 33.4 (OECD) 15.6% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran legal
Austria 38.8 (OECD)   legal & regulated
Azerbaijan     ilegal
Bahamas, The      
Bahrain      
Bangladesh      
Barbados      
Bassas da India      
Belarus     ilegal
Belgium 43.2 (OECD)   legal
Belize      
Benin      
Bermuda      
Bhutan      
Bolivia      
Bosnia and Herzegovina     ilegal
Botswana      
Bouvet Island      
Brazil     legal
British Indian Ocean Territory      
British Virgin Islands      
Brunei      
Bulgaria 51.1 (OECD)   legal
Burkina Faso      
Burma      
Burundi      
Cambodia   50 ~ 80% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran  
Cameroon      
Canada 24.5 (OECD) 73 ~ 77 % legal
Cape Verde      
Cayman Islands      
Central African Republic      
Chad      
Chile      
China   6.4~20% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran  
Christmas Island      
Clipperton Island      
Cocos (Keeling) Islands      
Colombia      
Comoros      
Congo, Democratic Republic of the      
Congo, Republic of the      
Cook Islands      
Coral Sea Islands      
Costa Rica      
Cote d'Ivoire      
Croatia     ilegal
Cuba      
Cyprus 8.9 (OECD)   *illegal
Czech Republic 36.3 (OECD)   legal
Denmark 46.2 (OECD)   legal
Dhekelia      
Djibouti      
Dominica      
Dominican Republic      
Ecuador      
Egypt      
El Salvador      
Equatorial Guinea      
Eritrea      
Estonia 59.0 (OECD)   legal
Ethiopia      
Europa Island      
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)      
Faroe Islands      
Fiji      
Finland 40.7 (OECD) 10%~13% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran legal
France 52.6 (OECD) 16% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran legal
French Guiana      
French Polynesia      
French Southern and Antarctic Lands      
Gabon      
Gambia, The      
Gaza Strip      
Georgia     illegal
Germany 32.1 (OECD)   legal & regulated
Ghana      
Gibraltar      
Glorioso Islands      
Greece (Yunani) 5.9 (OECD)   legal & regulated
Greenland      
Grenada      
Guadeloupe      
Guam      
Guatemala      
Guernsey      
Guinea      
Guinea-Bissau      
Guyana      
Haiti      
Heard Island and McDonald Islands      
Holy See (Vatican City)      
Honduras      
Hong Kong      
Hungary 39.5 (OECD)   legal & regulated
Iceland 64.1(OECD)   illegal
India      
Indonesia  

Illegal / Legal

Iran      
Iraq      
Ireland 32.8 (OECD)   legal
Isle of Man      
Israel      
Italy 17.7 (OECD) legal
Jamaica      
Jan Mayen      
Japan 2.0 (OECD)
  • 62%
  • 37% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran
 
Jersey      
Jordan      
Juan de Nova Island      
Kazakhstan     legal
Kenya      
Kiribati      
Korea, North      
Korea, South 1.5 (OECD)    
Kuwait      
Kyrgyzstan      
Laos      
Latvia 43.1 (OECD)   legal & regulated
Lebanon      
Lesotho      
Liberia      
Libya      
Liechtenstein     illegal
Lithuania 28.5 (OECD)   illegal
Luxembourg 30.2 (OECD)   legal
Macau      
Macedonia     illegal
Madagascar      
Malawi      
Malaysia 6.12% 9.6% Limited Legality
Maldives      
Mali      
Malta 25.4 (OECD)   legal
Marshall Islands      
Martinique      
Mauritania      
Mauritius      
Mayotte      
Mexico 55.1 (OECD)    
Micronesia, Federated States of      
Moldova     illegal
Monaco      
Mongolia      
Montserrat      
Morocco      
Mozambique      
Namibia      
Nauru      
Navassa Island      
Nepal      
Netherlands 41.2 (OECD) 13.5% ~ 21.6% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran legal & regulated
Netherlands Antilles      
New Caledonia      
New Zealand 46.5 (OECD)   legal
Nicaragua      
Niger      
Nigeria      
Niue      
Norfolk Island      
Northern Mariana Islands      
Norway 55.0 (OECD) 12.9% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran illegal
Oman      
Pakistan      
Palau      
Panama      
Papua New Guinea   30% masih primitif  
Paracel Islands      
Paraguay      
Peru      
Philippines      
Pitcairn Islands      
Poland 19.9 (OECD)   legal
Portugal 36.2 (OECD)   legal
Puerto Rico      
Qatar      
Reunion      
Romania     illegal
Russia   almost 100% (anecdotal) illegal
Rwanda      
Saint Helena      
Saint Kitts and Nevis      
Saint Lucia      
Saint Pierre and Miquelon      
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines      
Samoa      
San Marino      
Sao Tome and Principe      
Saudi Arabia      
Senegal      
Serbia and Montenegro     ilegal
Seychelles      
Sierra Leone      
Singapore   50%  
Slovakia 30.1 (OECD)   legal
Slovenia 52.8 (OECD)   legal
Solomon Islands      
Somalia      
South Africa      
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands      
Spain 31.7 (OECD)
27% ~ 39% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran legal
Spratly Islands      
Sri Lanka      
Sudan      
Suriname      
Svalbard      
Swaziland      
Sweden 54.7 (OECD) 7.9%~13.6% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran ilegal
Switzerland 17.1 (OECD) 19% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran legal & regulated
Syria      
Taiwan      
Tajikistan      
Tanzania      
Thailand   75% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran  
Timor-Leste      
Togo      
Tokelau      
Tonga      
Trinidad and Tobago      
Tromelin Island      
Tunisia      
Turkey     legal & regulated
Turkmenistan      
Turks and Caicos Islands      
Tuvalu      
Uganda      
Ukraine     illegal
United Arab Emirates      
United Kingdom 45.4 (OECD) 7.0% ~ 8.8% laki-laki pernah ke pelacuran legal
United States 38.5 (OECD)  
Uruguay      
Uzbekistan      
Vanuatu      
Venezuela      
Vietnam      
Virgin Islands      
Wake Island      
Wallis and Futuna      
West Bank      
Western Sahara      
Yemen      
Zambia      
Zimbabwe      

Catatan

  • Data di atas belum lengkap, karena tidak semua negara mempunyai data tentang hubungan seks luar nikah di negaranya, ataupun statistik bayi luar nikah. Jika ada yang punya tambahan data, silakan ditambahkan di komentar di bawah.
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rb_032601.pdf123.96 KB
Sexual Restraint Study (In Press JFP) Busby Carroll Willoughby (2).pdf175.77 KB

Comments

Kelahiran luar nikah dan aborsi di Korea Selatan

Menurut: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/08/world/asia/08mothers.html?_r=0

In 2007, 7,774 babies were born out of wedlock in South Korea, 1.6 percent of all births. (In the United States, nearly 40 percent of babies born in 2007 had unmarried mothers, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.) Nearly 96 percent of unwed pregnant women in South Korea choose abortion, according to the Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs.

Vietnam: 70% suami

Beberapa tips untuk

Beberapa tips untuk menghindari seks luar nikah pada anak baligh: http://seks-islam.blogspot.com/2012/06/tips-menjaga-anak-anak-yang-sudah...

Studi hubungan seks luar nikah di Turki

Sumber: http://www2.hu-berlin.de/sexology/IES/turkey.html#5
Studies of the sexual activities of Turkish students indicate that about half of unmarried male college students report that they have had sexual relations with the opposite sex, whereas the percentage drops to between 4 and 19 percent for college girls (Çok et al. 1998; Eksi 1990). This great difference probably reflects male’s experiencing sexual intercourse with prostitutes. Overall, 66.2 percent of male and 8.5 percent of female university students reported having had premarital sexual intercourse (Erkmen et al. 1990).

Data Iceland

Informasi tentang Seks luar

Informasi tentang Seks luar nikah di Inggris

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1574814/Britain-has-worst-underag...

40% remaja perempuan sudah berhubungan seks. "Four out of 10 girls in England have underage sex - more than in any other European country."

34.9% remaja laki-laki berhubungan seks. : "The number of boys in Britain having underage sex is 34.9 per cent and higher than every other European country apart from the Ukraine with 47.1 per cent."

Kehidupan seks di polandia:

Kehidupan seks di polandia: http://szczecinian.eu/index.php/2012/02/seks-po-polsku-the-sex-lives-of-...
22% hidup bersama luar nikah

‘Living in sin’ – attitudes to cohabitation:
22% of Poles (15-49) live in informal relationships. Of these people, 28% intend to marry in the near future. 26% of Poles believe that marriage is not necessary to be with someone you love.

Penelitian mengenai kebijakan

Penelitian mengenai kebijakan pelacuran di 100 negara di dunia
100 Countries and Their Prostitution Policies
http://prostitution.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=000772

Studi tentang pelacuran di

Studi tentang pelacuran di berbagai negara:
Percentage of Men (by Country) Who Paid for Sex at Least Once: The Johns Chart
http://prostitution.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=004119

Sudah mulai ada beberapa

Sudah mulai ada beberapa kritik terhadap paper tersebut:
"Awasi Kajian Barat Memfitnah Dunia Islam" http://waspadamedan.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=153...
"Selandia baru islami sebuah paradoks yang menggelikan" http://penulis165.esq-news.com/2011/artikel/11/09/selandia-baru-islami-s...

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